Related Research & Useful Links

Fast-Action Climate Mitigation

United Nations Environmental Program's e-Bulletin on Black Carbon
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)

Greenhouse-Gas Emission Targets for Lowering Global Warming to 2 degrees Celsius
Meinhausen et al. Nature 458 (2009), 1158-1163

The Other Climate Changers
Wallack and Ramanathan Foreign Affairs 88.5 (2009), 105-113

Climate's Smoky Spectre
Tollefson Nature 460 (July 2009), 29-32


Regional Climate Impacts of Black Carbon and Ozone

Air pollution, greenhouse gases and climate change: Global and regional perspectives
Ramanathan and Feng (2009) Atmospheric Environment, 43, 37-50

Black carbon record based on a shallow Himalayan ice core and its climatic implications
Ming et al. (2008) Atmospheric Chem. & Phys., 8, 1343-1352

On avoiding dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system: Formidable challenges ahead
Ramanathan and Feng (2008) PNAS, 105(38), 14245-14250

High frequency new particle formation in the Himalayas
Venzac et. al. (2008) PNAS, 105(41) 15666-15671

Climate forcing and air quality change due to regional emissions reductions by economic sector
Shindell et. al. (2008) Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 7101-7113

Mass loss on Himalayan glacier endangers water resources
Kehrwald et. al. (2008) Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 35, L22503, doi:10.1029/2008GL035556

Jump-Starting Climate Protection: INECE Targets Compliance with Laws Controlling Black Carbon
INECE Report June 12, 2008

Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Newsletter, No. 6, November 2008

Future prediction of surface ozone over east Asia using Models-3 Community Multiscale Air Quality Modeling System and Regional Emission Inventory in Asia
Yamaji et. al. (2008) JGR, 113, D08306, doi:10.1029/2007JD008663

Warming trends amplified by brown cloud solar absorption
Ramanathan et. al. (2007) Nature, 448, 575-578

Present-day climate forcing and response from black carbon in snow
Flanner et. al. (2007) JGR, 112, D11202, doi:10.1029/2006JD008003

Cross influences of ozone and sulfate precursor emissions changes on air quality and climate
Unger et. al. (2006) PNAS, 103(12) 4377-4380.

Snowpack radiative heating: Influence on Tibetan Plateau climate
Flanner and Zender (2005) GRL, 32, L06501, doi:10.1029/2004GL022076


Emissions of Soot & ABCs

Brown Clouds over South Asia: Biomass or Fossil Fuel Combustion?
Gustafsson et al. (2009) Science, 323, 495-498

Atmospheric Brown Clouds: regional assessment report with focus on Asia
Ramanathan et. al. (2008) UNEP 354pp.

Global and regional climate changes due to black carbon
Ramanathan and Carmichael (2008) Nature Geoscience, 1, 221-227

Atmospheric brown clouds: Hemispherical and regional variations in long range transport, absorption, and radiative forcing
Ramanathan et. al. (2007) JGR, 112, D22S21, doi:10.1029/2006JD008124

A technology-based global inventory of black and organic carbon emissions from combustion
Bond et. al. (2004) JGR, 109, D14203, doi:10.1029/2003JD003697

Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols outflow from India and Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion
Guazzotti et. al. (2003) JGR, 108(D15), doi:10.1029/2002JD003277

The Indian Ocean Experiment: An integrated assessment of the climate forcing and effects of the great Indo-Asian haze
Ramanathan, V., P. J. Crutzen, J. Lelieveld, A. P. Mitra, D. Althausen, J. Anderson, M. O. Andreae, W. Cantrell, G. R. Cass, C. E. Chung, A. D. Clarke, J. A. Coakley, W. D. Collins, W. C. Conant, F. Dulac, J. Heintzenberg, A. J. Heymsfield, B. Holben, S. Howell, J. Hudson, A. Jayaraman, J. T. Kiehl, T. N. Krishnamurti, D. Lubin, G. McFarquhar, T. Novakov, J. A. Ogren, I. A. Podgorny, K. Prather, K. Priestley,
J. M. Prospero, P. K. Quinn, K. Rajeev, P. Rasch,10 S. Rupert, R. Sadourny, S. K. Satheesh, G. E. Shaw, P. Sheridan, and F. P. J. Valero (2001) JGR, 106(D22), 28371-28398

The Indian Ocean Experiment: widespread air pollution from South and Southeast Asia
Leliveld et. al. (2001) Science, 291, 1031-1036



Indoor Air Pollution Associated with Household Fuel Use in India: an exposure assessment and modeling exercise in rural districts of Andhra Pradesh, India
Balakrishnan et al. (2004) World Bank Report

Exposure assessment for respirable particulates associated with household fuel use in rural districts of Andhra Pradesh, India
Balakrishnan et al. (2004) J. of Exposure Analysis and Env. Epidemiology, 14, S14-S25


Cooking Technology

Chittoor District, India where all households use Solar Cookers (Video)

World's largest solar cooker, in Shirdi, India. Used to cook for 100,000 temple visitors daily (Video)

Gloval Warming Impact of 5 Major Biomass Cookstoves
McCarty et al. (Aprovecho Research Center)

Lab and Field Investigations - Particulate and Carbon Monoxide Emisisons from Cookstoves
Roden et al. (University of Illinois)

Envirofit cookstoves
Colorado State University

Darfur Stoves Project
Dr. A. Gadgil (UC Berkeley)

Cooking with Renewables
(2008) Dr. A. Chandak

Design, development and testing of a portable parabolic solar kitchen
Arenans (2007) Renewable Energy, 32, 257-266

Multi-criteria evaluation of cooking devices with special reference to utility of parabolic solar cooker (PSC) in India
Pohekar and Ramachandran (2006) Energy, 31, 1215-1227

UNDP/GEF South African Solar Cooker Project (SOLCO)
Nano Energy final report (2006) pp. 1-54

Utility assessment of parabolic solar cooker as a domestic cooking device in India
Pohekar and Ramachandran (2006) Renewable Energy, 31, 1827-1838

Multiple use communal solar cookers
Franco et al. (2004) Solar Energy 77, 217-223

Solar cookers
Sharma (2005) In: Encyclopedia of Energy Vol. 5, pp. 559-574

Solar cookers - part I: cooking vessel on lugs
Rao and Subramanyam (2003) Solar Energy, 75, 181-185

Development and performance analysis of compound parabolic solar concentrators with reduced gap losses - oversized reflector
Oommen and Jayaraman (2001) Energy Conversion and Management, 42, 1379-1399

Greenhouse Implications of Household Stoves: An Analysis for India
Smith et al. (2000) Annu. Rev. Energy Environ., 25, 741-763

Evaluating the international standard procedure for testing solar cookers and reporting performance
Funk (2000) Solar Energy, 68(1), 1-7

Lead users and technology transfer to less-developed countries: analysis with application to Haiti
Scheraga et. al. (2000) Technology in Society, 22, 415-425

The Oven Receiver: an approach toward the revival of concentrating solar cookers
Habeebullah et. al. (1995) Solar Energy, 54(4), 227-237

One hundred million improved cookstoves in China: how was it done?
Smith et. al. (1993) World Development, 21(6), 941-961

Heat losses from a paraboloid concentrator solar cooker: experimental investigations on effect of reflector orientation
Kumar et. al. (1993) Renewable Energy, 3(8), 871-876

The use of solar energy for cooking in developing countries
Brattle and Irving (1986) J. of Consumer Studies and Home Economics 10, 261-270


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